Глоссарий



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English Words from Arabic

admiral
  1. Senior naval officer of flag rank. in ascending order of seniority, rear admiral, vice admiral, admiral and (until about 2001 when all uk five-star ranks were discontinued) admiral of the flee... ami:r-al-bahr 'ruler of the seas'; adm.;
ami:r-al-bahr 'ruler of the seas'
    Amara command
admiral;
adobe
  1. A heavy soil, composed largely of clay and silt in sufficient quantities to form a matrix in which sand particles are firmly imbedded; water is added, and straw, manure, and fragments of tile ... al-toba 'the brick';
al-toba 'the brick'
    adobe;
    albacore
      A fish of the family scombrid?, found in shoals in the ocean; it is about 5 or 6 feet long, with an average weight of nearly 100 lbs. when fine.
    al-bukr 'the young camel'; albacora;
    al-bukr 'the young camel'
      albacore;
      alchemy
        al-ki:mi:a:; алхимия;
        al-ki:mi:a:
          From greek
        alchemy;
        al-koh''l 'the kohl'
          alcohol;
          alcove
            A small recessed space, opening directly into a larger room.
          al-qobbah 'vault'; bedroom; alcoba; альков;
          al-qobbah 'vault'
            Qubba vault
          alcove;
          alembic
            al-ambi:q 'the still';
            al-ambi:q 'the still'
              From greek
            alembic;
            alfalfa
              alfas,fas,ah 'fodder';
              alfas,fas,ah 'fodder'
                alfalfa;
                algebra
                1. A general method of resolving mathematical problems, by means of equations, or rather computing abstract quantities by symbols or signs; a literal arithmetic.

                2. Алгебра
                al-jebr 'reintegration'; алгебра;
                al-jebr 'reintegration'
                  Jabara reunite
                algebra;
                algol
                1. Algorithmic language

                2. A wonderful variable star in perseus, which goes through its changes in about two days and twenty-one hours.
                al-ghu:l 'the ghoul'; algorithmic language;
                al-ghu:l 'the ghoul'
                  algol;
                  algorithm
                  1. Set of rules or steps for performing a desired operation. an algorithm can be performed by anything that can be taught or programmed to follow a specific and unambiguous set of instructions. al-khowarazmi 'the (man) of khiva'; алгоритм; algoritmo; altoritmo;
                  al-khowarazmi 'the (man) of khiva'
                    algorithm;
                    al-qaliy 'calx'
                      Qalay fry, roast
                    alkali;
                    allah
                      `allah, from contraction of al-ilah 'the god';
                      `allah, from contraction of al-ilah 'the god'
                        allah;
                        almagest
                        1. The celebrated work of ptolemy on geometry and astronomy. ricciolus adopted the term in 1651 for his body of mathematical science. it became general, whence chaucer—

                        2. A comprehensive... al-majisti;
                        al-majisti
                          From greek
                        almagest;
                        almanac
                        1. A record of the days, feasts, and celestial phenomena of the year. though confounded with calendar, it is essentially different—the latter relating to time in general, and the almanac to that ... (andalucian arabic) al-mana:kh, of uncertain origin;
                        (andalucian arabic) al-mana:kh, of uncertain origin
                          almanac;
                          amber
                          1. Янтарного цвета, желтый

                          2. Amber is a term used to describe a heavy, full-bodied, warm fragrance.

                          3. Желтый (сигнальный огонь)

                          4. A hard resinous substance of vegetable... `anbar 'ambergris'; a; Янтарь;
                          `anbar 'ambergris'
                            amber;
                            antimony
                              al-íthmid 'antimony trisulphide'; сурьма; антимонил;
                              al-íthmid 'antimony trisulphide'
                                Perhaps from greek
                              antimony;
                              al-burquq
                                From greek
                              apricot;
                              `arab
                                arab;
                                arsenal
                                1. A repository of the munitions of war. some combine both magazines of naval and military stores, and docks for the construction and repair of ships.

                                2. A storehouse for munitions. origi... dar as,s,ina`ah 'house of making', i.e. 'factory';
                                dar as,s,ina`ah 'house of making', i.e. 'factory'
                                  S,ana`a make
                                arsenal;
                                artichoke
                                  al-kharshu:f; alcachofa;
                                  al-kharshu:f
                                    artichoke;
                                    assagai
                                      az-zaghayah;
                                      az-zaghayah
                                        From berber
                                      assagai;
                                      h'ashsha:shi:n 'hashish eaters', from the isma`ili sectarians
                                        assassin;
                                        attar
                                          Attar, or otto, as it is sometimes referred, comes from an old persian word meaning “to smell sweet”. it’s an extremely expensive essential oil made from the bulgarian rose.
                                        `itr 'aroma';
                                        `itr 'aroma'
                                          attar;
                                          ayatollah
                                            'ayatu-llah 'miraculous sign of god';
                                            'ayatu-llah 'miraculous sign of god'
                                              ayatollah;
                                              azimuth
                                              1. Азимут а уел compressed-air line линия сжатого воздуха а уел hail (средний) град а уел year год а5 amber airway number 5 «желтая» воздушная трасса № 5, трасса № 5 11 полетов в направлении с юг... as-sumut 'the paths'; see also zenith; az; азимут; a; azm; азимута;
                                              as-sumut 'the paths' see also zenith
                                                azimuth;
                                                azure
                                                  The deep blue colour of the sky, when perfectly cloudless.
                                                al-lazward 'lapis lazuli';
                                                al-lazward 'lapis lazuli'
                                                  From persian
                                                azure;
                                                barbican
                                                  Барбикан (оборонительная постройка, защищающая вход или подъёмный мост в крепость)
                                                (possibly) bâb-al-baqara 'gate with holes';
                                                (possibly) bâb-al-baqara 'gate with holes'
                                                  barbican;
                                                  berdache
                                                    (possibly) bardaj 'slave';
                                                    (possibly) bardaj 'slave'
                                                      berdache;
                                                      betelgeuse
                                                        bi:t al-jauza:' 'shoulder of the giant';
                                                        bi:t al-jauza:' 'shoulder of the giant'
                                                          betelgeuse;
                                                          bezoar
                                                            bazahr; безоар;
                                                            bazahr
                                                              From persian
                                                            bezoar;
                                                            bint
                                                              bint 'daughter;
                                                              bint 'daughter
                                                                bint;
                                                                bled
                                                                  balad 'vast open country'; bleed;
                                                                  balad 'vast open country'
                                                                    bled;
                                                                    bu:raq
                                                                      From persian
                                                                    borax;
                                                                    burka
                                                                      burqa`;
                                                                      burqa`
                                                                        burka;
                                                                        burnouse
                                                                          burnus;
                                                                          burnus
                                                                            burnouse;
                                                                            caliber
                                                                            1. Калибр

                                                                            2. The nominal internal diameter of a pipe. in contrast, the outside diameter is specified for brass and copper tubing and for brass and copper pipe of other than iron-pipe size... qali:b 'mold, last'; cal;
                                                                            qali:b 'mold, last'
                                                                              caliber;
                                                                              qaliqu:t 'calicut', city in india
                                                                                calico;
                                                                                caliph
                                                                                  khali:fah 'successor';
                                                                                  khali:fah 'successor'
                                                                                    Khalafa 'succeed'
                                                                                  caliph;
                                                                                  camise
                                                                                    qami:s 'shirt';
                                                                                    qami:s 'shirt'
                                                                                      From latin
                                                                                    camise;
                                                                                    camphor
                                                                                      White crystals with a strong smell, made from a tropical tree, used to keep insects away or as a liniment
                                                                                    ka:fu:r; камфара; камфора;
                                                                                    ka:fu:r
                                                                                      From malay
                                                                                    camphor;
                                                                                    short for 'sugar candy', from sugar qandi 'candied', from qand 'cane sugar'
                                                                                      From a dravidian language
                                                                                    candy;
                                                                                    gharra:f
                                                                                      Gharafa 'dip'
                                                                                    carafe;