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CCTV glossary (глоссарий терминов по видеонаблюдению)

aperature
    - the opening of the cctv lens. the size of which is controlled by the iris and is measured in f numbers. generally, the lower the f number, the larger the aperture is and consequently more light ...
dvr (digital video recorder)
    A digital video recorder is a generic term for a device that is similar to a vcr but records television data in digital on a hard drive as opposed to a vcr tape. a dvr looks like a vcr and has all...
osd (on screen display)
  1. A method of displaying set-up information and/or instructions on a display monitor.

  2. Информация наложенная на изображение на экране, например дата, время, меню и т.д.
geovision
    A quality brand of dvr cards made for windows based computers. a complete line of geovision dvr cards can be seen here: geovision dvr cards.
co-axial cable
    A type of cable typically used in cctv installations that has a central conductor, surrounded by a shield sharing the same axis. the shield can be made from a variety of materials including, braid...
wdr security cameras
    A wdr security camera (wide dynamic range) is used for capturing clear images of objects surrounded by a strong back light, while still keeping the background visible.
bnc connector
  1. Bnc is a connector for coaxial cable that is most commonly used for cctv installations.

  2. Разъем bnc
conector bnc;
ccd charge coupled device
    Charge coupled device, ccd, is one of the two main types of image sensors used in security cameras. when a video is recorded, the ccd is struck by light coming through the camera`s lens. each of t...
ip waterproof rating
    Ip waterproof ratings are a bsi standard measurement for how waterproof something is. many security cameras or camera housings are designed for outdoor use need to be waterproof. the ip rating num...
auto iris
    Security cameras with auto iris, have the ability to compensate for large variations in light levels. this is useful for security cameras that need to adjust for changes from bright sunlight to da...
lcd (liquid crystal display)
  1. Technology used for flat screen displays.

  2. Lcd screens, usually found on the rear of digital cameras, allow you to preview and review photographs you are about to take or have taken....
dwell time programming
    The length of time a switcher or cctv multiplexer displays one camera before sequencing to the next. multiplexers with dwell time programming capability allow you control this length of time.
back light compensation
    This is a feature of security cameras that automatically adjusts the image to compensate for bright light to give more detail on the darker areas of the image. for example, use is to focus on the ...
television lines (tvl)
    This is a measure of the resolution of a video device. the higher the number, the higher the resolution is. 380 tvl is considered medium resolution. 480 tvl or greater is considered high resolutio...
signal to noise ratio (s/n ratio)
    This is the ratio between the signal strength and the noise levels on an audio or video signal.
network camera
    This refers to a camera that is designed to record pictures and transmit them directly over a computer network or internet connection. network cameras normally do not have any analogue video outpu...
varifocal (zoom)
    This refers to a type of lens that has the capability to change the focal length. this allows adjustment of the magnification and field of view of the security camera.
auto light range
    The range of light, e.g., sunlight to moonlight, over which a tv camera is capable of automatically operating at specified output.
automatic frequency
    An arrangement whereby the frequency of an oscillator is automatically maintained within specified limits.
afc;
automatic iris lens
    A lens that automatically adjusts the amount of light reaching the imager.
back porch
  1. That portion of the composite picture signal which lies between the trailing edge of the horizontal sync pulse and the trailing edge of the corresponding blanking pulse.

  2. 1. the port... señal de vídeo .;
bar test pattern
    Special test pattern for adjusting color tv receivers or color encoders. the upper portion consists of vertical bars of saturated colors and white. the power horizontal bars have black and white a...
blooming
  1. The defocusing of regions of the picture where the brightness is at an excessive level, due to enlargement of spot size and halation of the fluorescent screen of the cathode-ray picture tube. ... bloom, 4. blow 1.; выпотевание; вуаль; дефект из-за переэкспонирования светлых участков при сканировании;; просветление;
burned-in-image
    Also called burn. an image which persists in a fixed position in the output signal of a camera tube after the camera has been turned to a different scene or, on a monitor screen.
c mount
    A television camera lens mount of the 16 mm format, 1 inch in diameter with 32 threads per inch.
chroma control
  1. A control of color television receiver that regulates the saturation (vividness) of colors in a color picture.

  2. Регулятор цветности
chroma detector
    Detects the absence of chrominance information in a color encoder input. the chroma detector automatically deletes the color burst from the color encoder output when the absence of chrominance is ...
chromaticity
  1. The color quality of light which is defined by the wavelength (hue) and saturation. chromaticity defines all the qualities of color except its brightness.

  2. The color quality of light... cromaticidad; cromatismo; хроматичность;
clamping
  1. The process that established a fixed level for the picture level at the beginning of each scanning line.

  2. Фиксация

  3. Applying a cross-head, or stirrup-piece, in a socket. фиксация; зажим;; зажатия; фиксирование; ставляющей; зажим; закрепление;; ограничение; фиксирование;; схема восстановления постоянной составляющей;
color burst
  1. That portion of the composite color signal, comprising a few cycles of a sine wave of chrominance sub carrier frequency, which is used to establish a reference for demodulating the chrominance...
color edging
    Extraneous colors appearing at the edges of colored objects, and differing from the true colors in the object.
color encoder
    A device which produces an ntsc color signal from separate r, g, and b video inputs.
color fringing
    Spurious colors introduced into the picture by the change in position of the televised object from field to field.
color purity
    The degree to which a color is free of white or any other color. in reference to the operation of a tri-color picture tube it refers to the production of pure red, green or blue illumination of th...
color saturation
  1. The degree to which a color is free of white light.

  2. Насыщенность цвета
color sync signal
    A signal used to establish and to maintain the same color relationships that are transmitted.
color transmission
  1. The transmission of a signal which represents both the brightness values and the color values in a picture.

  2. A method of transmitting color television signals which can reproduce the...
composite video signal
  1. The combined picture signal, including vertical and horizontal blanking and synchronizing signals.

  2. A signal in which the luminance and chrominance information has been

  3. A ...
contrast range
    The ratio between the whitest and blackest portions of television image.
depth of focus
  1. The range of sensor-to-lens distance for which the image formed by the lens is clearly focused.

  2. The distance over which the focused laser spot has a constant diameter and thus const... profundidad de foco .;
eia sync
    The signal used for the synchronizing of scanning specified in eia standards rs-170, rs-330, rs-343, or subsequent issues.
f/stop
    Also called f number and f system. refers to the speed or ability of a lens to pass light. it is calculated by dividing the focal length of the lens by its diameter.
foot candle
    See lumen/ft 2.
foot lambert (fl)
    A unit of luminance equal to 1/candela per square foot or to the uniform luminance at a perfectly diffusing surface emitting or reflecting light at the rate of one lumen per square foot. a lumen p...
frame frequency
    The number of times per second that the frame is scanned. the u.s. standard is 30 frames per second.
frequency interlace
    The method by which color and black and white sideband signals are interwoven within the same channel bandwidth.
frequency response
  1. The range of band of frequencies to which a unit of electronic equipment will offer essentially the same characteristics.

  2. Частотная характеристика
fr; частотная характеристика; respuesta en frecuencia .;
front porch
  1. The portion of a composite picture signal which lies between the leading edge of the horizontal blanking pulse and the leading edge of the corresponding sync pulse.

  2. The blanking sig...
genlock
  1. A device used to lock the frequency of an internal sync generator to an external source.

  2. Circuitry that synchronizes one video signal to another video signal. there are three types ...