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Glossary of Translation Terms

balanced translation
    Is one that can be considered the middle ground between source and target languages as to the respect of meaning, structure, etc. of both languages. a translator adopts the original text into the ...
conference interpretation
    Simultaneous interpreting of a speaker`s statements at a conference, symposium or any other large meeting.
consecutive interpretation
    One of three modes of interpreting (along with simultaneous and sight interpretation), in which a speaker pauses every few sentences to allow the interpreter to interpret what has just been said.<...
court/legal interpretation
    Interpreting at legal proceedings, which is performed by a court interpreter who has special subject matter knowledge.
cultural adaptation
    Adjusting translation to the cultural environment of the target language to make it suitable for the target audience.
    A self-employed translator or interpreter who works independently directly with the clients and might as well do projects for translation agencies.
guide or escort interpreter
    Interpreter who accompanies visitors from a particular country abroad or foreign visitors that come to visit a country to ensure that they are able to communicate during their stay. this requires ...
human translation
    Translation performed by a real human translator as opposed to translation performed by a machine.
interpretation, interpreting
    The process of facilitating oral communication from one language to another. it is performed by an interpreter.
literal translation
    Is one that closely matches the wording and structure of the source language. the literal meaning of words is taken as if from the dictionary (out of context), but target language grammar is respe...
literary translation
    Translation of work of literature such as novels, short stories, poetry, etc.
medical interpretation
    Interpreting in various medical settings such as doctors` offices, hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centers, etc. this type of interpretation is done by medical interpreters who have a special s...
native language
  1. It is the first language a person learns and usually is known as a person`s "mother tongue".

  2. Машинный язык с программирования) ; специализированный язык программирования (...
sight interpretation
    One of three modes of interpreting (along with consecutive and simultaneous interpretation), in which an interpreter reads a document written in one language and orally interprets information into...
sign language interpreter
    Interpreter who facilitates communication between people who are deaf or hard of hearing and people who can hear. sign language interpreter must be fluent in english and american sign language (as...
simultaneous interpretation
    One of three modes of interpreting (along with consecutive and sight interpretation), in which an interpreter interprets the message orally at the same time as the speaker is speaking. the interpr...
telephone interpretation
    Interpreting a conversation over the phone.
translation, translating
    The process of facilitating written communication from one language to another. it is performed by a translator. translation should almost always be done by a native speaker into his/her own mothe...
word-for-word translation, verbatim
    The process of matching the individual words of the source language as closely as possible to individual words of the target language. it is often referred to as literal translation. one will rare...