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Construction glossary

bearing header
    (a) a beam placed perpendicular to joists and to which joists are nailed in framing for a chimney, stairway, or other opening. (b) a wood lintel. (c) the horizontal structural member over an openi...
  1. (a) a member of a cornice or other horizontal exterior finish course that has a projection beyond the other parts for throwing off water.(b) a groove in the underside of a sill or drip cap to ... data reduction for interception program; dead reckoning information processor; goteo;
flue lining
    2-foot lengths, fire clay or terra-cotta pipe (round or square) and usually madein all ordinary flue sizes. used for the inner lining of chimneys with the brick or masonry work done around the out...
perimeter drain
  1. 3" or 4" perforated plastic pipe that goes around the perimeter (either inside or outside) of a foundation wall (before backfill) and collects and diverts ground water away from the foundation...
  1. A "t" shaped plumbing fitting.

  2. A plumbing fitting in the shape of the letter “t,” used to connect three sections of pipe.

  3. Test equipment engineering

  4. Treatment ... ти; test equipment engineering; явление, возникшее во время лечения; treatment emergent event;
    A ¼" material placed over the subfloor plywood sheeting and under finish coverings, such as vinyl flooring, to provide a smooth, even surface. also a secondary roofing layer that is waterproo...
  1. A 10" or 12" diameter hole drilled into the earth and embedded into bedrock 3 4 feet. the structural support for a type of foundation wall, porch, patio, monopost, or other structure. two or m... кессон; батопорт;
    A 4 mil or 6 mil plastic sheeting.
    A basic building method that uses just a few hefty posts and beams to support an entire structure. contrasts with stud framing.
bid bond
  1. A bond issued by a surety on behalf of a contractor that provides assurance to the recipient of the contractor's bid that, if the bid is accepted, the contractor will execute a contract and pr... гарантия (тендерного) предложения;
mortgage broker
    A broker who represents numerous lenders and helps consumers find affordable mortgages; the broker charges a fee only if the consumer finds a loan.
mortgage-брокер; ипотечный брокер;
    A building material of narrow wood, metal, gypsum, or insulating board that is fastened to the frame of a building to act as a base for plaster, shingles, or tiles.
пал. узкая пластинка;
stud framing
    A building method that distributes structural loads to each of a series of relatively lightweight studs. contrasts with post-and-beam.
vapor barrier
  1. A building product installed on exterior walls and ceilings under the drywall and on the warm side of the insulation. it is used to retard the movement of water vapor into walls and prevent co... vapor retarder. vapor-tight said of a surface that is enclosed so as to resist the passage of vapor, often including the use of a gasket around its periphery.;
terra cotta
    A ceramic material molded into masonry units.
recording fee
    A charge for recording the transfer of a property, paid to a city, county, or other appropriate branch of government.
mortgage origination fee
    A charge for work involved in preparing and servicing a mortgage application (usually one percent of the loan amount).
fire retardant chemical
    A chemical or preparation of chemicals used to reduce the flammability of a material or to retard the spread of flame.
    A clause in a mortgage contract requiring the borrower to pay the entire outstanding balance upon sale or transfer of the property.
forced air heating
    A common form of heating with natural gas, propane, oil or electricity as a fuel. air is heated in the furnace and distributed through a set of metal ducts to various areas of the house.
mortgage company
    A company that borrows money from a bank, lends it to consumers to buy homes, then sells the loans to investors.
time and materials contract
    A construction contract which specifies a price for different elements of the work such as cost per hour of labor, overhead, profit, etc. a contract which may not have a maximum price, or may stat...
sales contract
    A contract between a buyer and seller which should explain: (1) what the purchase includes, (2) what guarantees there are, (3) when the buyer can move in, (4) what the closing costs are, and (5) w...
mortgage loan
    A contract in which the borrower's property is pledged as collateral. it is repaid in installments. the mortgagor (buyer) promises to repay principal and interest, keep the home insured, pay all t... ипотечный кредит;
    A control mechanism used to operate a mechanical ventilation system based upon the relative humidity in the home.
stop valve
  1. A device installed in a water supply line, usually near a fixture, that permits an individual to shut off the water supply to one fixture without interrupting service to the rest of the system...
pressure relief valve (prv)
    A device mounted on a hot water heater or boiler which is designed to release any high steam pressure in the tank to prevent tank explosions.
continuity tester
    A device that tells whether a circuit is capable of carrying electricity.
sash balance
  1. A device, usually operated by a spring and designed to hold a single hung window vent up and in place

  2. A spring-loaded device, usually a spring balance or tape balance; used to count...
zone valve
    A device, usually placed near the heater or cooler, which controls the flow of water or steam to parts of the building; it is controlled by a zone thermostat.
whole house fan
    A fan designed to move air through and out of a home and normally installed in the ceiling.
veterans administration (va)
    A federal agency that insures mortgage loans with very liberal down payment requirements for honorably discharged veterans and their surviving spouses.
saturated felt
    A felt which is impregnated with tar or asphalt.
    A final inspection of a home before "closing" to look for and document problems that need to be corrected.
gloss enamel
    A finishing paint material. forms a hard coating with maximum smoothness of surface and dries to a sheen or luster (gloss)
  1. A fitting with different size openings at either end and used to go from a larger to a smaller pipe.

  2. A fitting that allows pipes of different sizes to be joined together.

    reductor .; agente reductor; переходник;
graduated payment mortgage (gpm)
    A fixed-rate, fixed-schedule loan. it starts with lower payments than a level payment loan; payments rise annually, with the entire increase being used to reduce the outstanding balance. the incre... ипотечный кредит с растущими платежами;
  1. A flat wood, plywood, or similar type member used to provide a connection at the intersection of wood members. most commonly used at joints of wood trusses. they are fastened by nails, screws,... косынка, угловое соединение; складка;
fluorescent lighting
    A fluorescent lamp is a gas-filled glass tube with a phosphur coating on the inside. gas inside the tube is ionized by electricity which causes the phosphur coating to glow. normally with two pins...
joint tenancy
  1. A form of ownership in which the tenants own a property equally. if one dies, the other automatically inherits the entire property.

  2. When two or more people own something and have ri... нераздельное совладение;
    A formal contract which allows a party to use another party's property for a specific purpose. e.g. a sewer easement might allow one party to run a sewer line through a neighbors property.
stop order
  1. A formal, written notification to a contractor to discontinue some or all work on a project for reasons such as safety violations, defective materials or workmanship, or cancellation of the co... стопордер; ordine fisso;
  1. A foundation wall section that strengthens (and generally perpendicular to) a long section of foundation wall

  2. In masonry structures, a buttress, spur wall, pier, or projecting porti...
grade beam
  1. A foundation wall that is poured @ level with or just below the grade of theearth. an example is the area where the 8' or 16' overhead garage door "block out" is located, or a lower (walk out ...
structural floor
    A framed lumber floor that is installed as a basement floor instead of concrete. this is done on very expansive soils.
building paper
  1. A general term for papers, felts, and similar sheet materials used in buildings without reference to their properties or uses. generally comes in long rolls.

  2. A heavy, relatively che...
  1. A governmental process and specification which limits the use of a property e.g. single family use, high rise residential use, industrial use, etc. zoning laws may limit where you can locate a... зональность; районирование;
    A groove cut into a board or panel intended to receive the edge of a connecting board or panel.
• septic permit
    A health department authorization to build or modify a septic system.