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Albinism

Глосссарий терминов и сокращений по оптическим линзам
  1. Pigmentation is deficient or absent. may occur in skin, hair, and eyes. ocular albinism is a pigmentation deficiency occurring mainly in the eyes. individuals with albinism including ocular albinism commonly have decreased visual acuity (20/70 – 20/200), strabismus, photophobia, and nystagmus. there is no known treatment. individuals may benefit from low-vision aids. treatment options for strabismus and nystagmus does apply to these individuals.

  2. A condition in which a person lacks the pigment melanin and so has pink skin and eyes and white hair. it is hereditary and cannot be treated.  vitiligo




Pigmentation, английский
    The colouring of the body, especially that produced by deposits of pigment


Deficiency, английский
  1. Дефицит. отсутствие. нехватка. недостаток.

  2. См. defective feature

  3. Дефицит, недостача

  4. A lack of something necessary


Strabismus, английский
  1. A condition where the two eyes are not properly aligned with each other. one eye may look directly forward while the other is turned away. most common in children. correction may be eyeglasses, vision therapy or surgery.

  2. A condition in which the eyes focus on different points. also called squint, heterotropia


Photophobia, английский
  1. 1. a condition in which the eyes become sensitive to light and conjunctivitis may be caused (note: it can be associated with measles and some other infectious diseases.) 2. a morbid fear of light

  2. Hyper sensitivity to light. photorefractive keratectomy (prk) – the use of an excimer laser to make modification to the cornea to reduce or correct certain refractive errors.


Hereditary, английский
    Hereditario


Individual, английский

Ametropia, английский
  1. Eye disorders that prevent a clear image from forming on the retina (myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism). amblyopia exanopsia (lazy eye) – uncorrectable blurred vision due to a lack of use; the visual pathway fails to mature; an eye can become amblyopic from being crossed, having a large refractive error or having the brain suppress its vision. corrective lenses, vision therapy, or patching therapy may be prescribed.

  2. A condition in which the eye cannot focus light correctly onto the retina, as in astigmatism, hypermetropia and myopia. compare emmetropia


Air tempering, английский
    The strengthening of a lens as a result of cooling a heated lens.