Глоссарий

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Bitcoin (uppercase)

Глоссарий по криптовалютам и блокчейну
    The well known cryptocurrency, based on the proof-of-work blockchain.




Bitcoin, английский
    Is a cryptocurrency that runs on a (1) global peer to peer network, is (2) decentralised (no single entity can control it), it’s (3) open source (wallet & transaction verification), (4) bypassing middlemen or central authority, with (5) no issuer or acquirer, (6) anyone with a computer or smartphone can use it


Bitcoin (lowercase), английский
    The specific collection of technologies used by bitcoin’s ledger, a particular solution. note that the currency is itself one of these technologies, as it provides the miners with the incentive to mine.


Bitcoin atm, английский
    A cash point where people can trade fiat currency and bitcoins


Bitcoin investment trust (биткойновый инвестиционный фонд), английский
    Частный фонд, который совершает инвестиции исключительно в биткойны и использует хранение биткойнов от имени и по поручению своих вкладчиков. предоставляет финансовые услуги для людей, желающих инвестировать в биткоины, без необходимости самому покупать и безопасно хранить криптовалюту.


Bitcoins per block или block reward (биткоинов за блок), английский
    Вознаграждение, выплачиваемое майнеру за успешное решение криптографической задачи и присоединение блока к блокчейну.


Cryptocurrency, английский
    A form of digital currency based on mathematics, where encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds. furthermore, cryptocurrencies operate independently of a central bank.


Blockchain, английский
  1. A blockchain is a type of distributed ledger, comprised of unchangable, digitally recorded data in packages called blocks (rather like collating them on to a single sheet of paper). each block is then ‘chained’ to the next block, using a cryptographic signature. this allows block chains to be used like a ledger, which can be shared and accessed by anyone with the appropriate permissions.

  2. Shared, trusted, public ledger of transactions, that everyone can inspect but which no single user controls. it is a cryptographed, secure, tamper resistant distributed database. it solves a complex mathematical problem to exist. a blockchain is a perfect place to store value, identities, agreements, property rights, credentials, etc. once you put something like a bitcoin into it, it will stay there forever. it is decentralized, disintermediated, cheap and censorship resistant. applications of blockchain: bitcoin (cryptocurrency), namecoin (wants to replace the entire dns system of the internet), or sia (a decentralized cloud storage), ethereum (turing complete virtual machine where you can run any smart contract); any centralized service like ebay, dropbox can potentially be built in a decentralized way using blockchain technology, considerably lowering transaction costs


Block height, английский
    Block height refers to the number of blocks connected together in the block chain. for example, height 0, would be the very first block, which is also called the genesis block.


Bitcoin (lowercase), английский
    The specific collection of technologies used by bitcoin’s ledger, a particular solution. note that the currency is itself one of these technologies, as it provides the miners with the incentive to mine.