Глоссарий



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Boy

    From its earliest days, ships of the royal navy carried male children, who served in many capacities, including powder-monkey and apprentice seaman. the official rating of boy seaman evolved during the eighteenth century and eventually created a pool of men, trained in the ways of the navy (but knowing virtually nothing else). in 1903, the rating of boy artificer was introduced, to provide training in the emerging technologies of steam, aircraft, and signals. the recruitment and training of boys continued until its abolition in 1956. boy was an enlisted rating in the united states navy from 1797 until 1893. meanwhile, an apprentice system, introduced in 1875, had begun to form a major part of the training program for enlisted men. its purpose was to attract high caliber youngsters to enlist as apprentice boys for instruction in seamanship, gunnery and the rudiments of a general education. this program was discontinued in 1904.


Lad, английский

Fiú, венгерский

Fiú (fiam, fiunk), венгерский

Chl’opiec, польский

Мальчик, русский
    Мальчик , дитя, мужчина, прислуга, служащий, юноша , бой-мальчик




Apprentice, английский
  1. A beginner who learns a trade or a craft from an experienced master.

  2. One who is covenanted to serve another on condition of being instructed in an art, and ships` apprentices are to the same effect. boys under eighteen years of age bound to masters of merchant ships were exempted from impressment for three years from the date of their indentures; which documents were in duplicate, and exempt from stamp duty.

  3. Ученик (изучающий ремесло)


Eighteenth, английский

Recruitment, английский

Instruction, французский

Seamanship, английский
  1. All the arts and skills of boat handling, ranging from maintenence and repairs to piloting, sail handling, marlinespike work, and rigging.

  2. Искусство мореплавания, навигации,

  3. Мореходное искусство, мастерство судовождения

  4. The noble practical art of rigging and working a ship, and performing with effect all her various evolutions at sea.

  5. Skill in the operation, management, maintenance, and safety of a vessel in all kinds of weather and under all conditions. does not necessarily include navigational ability. see also basic seamanship.


Discontinued, английский
    Прерванный


Brave, английский
  1. Courageous, fearless, dauntless, intrepid, plucky, daring, heroic, valorous, audacious, bold, gallant, valiant, doughty, mettlesome

  2. This word was not only used to express courage by our early seamen, but was also applied to strength; as, “we had a brave wind.”


Ящик, коробка, русский