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Committee draft (iso)

Abbreviations in Geographic Information Systems and Cartography




    Commodore,
    1. 1. commodore (rank), a military rank used in many navies that is superior to a navy captain, but below a rear admiral. often equivalent to the rank of "flotilla admiral" or sometimes "counter admiral" in non-english-speaking navies.

    2. A senior officer in command of a detached squadron. a captain finding five or six ships assembled, was formerly permitted to hoist his pennant, and command as commodore; and a necessity arising for holding a court-martial, he ordered the said court to assemble. again, where an admiral dies in command, the senior captain hoists a first-class broad pennant, and appoints a captain, secretary, and flag-lieutenant, fulfils the duties of a rear-admiral, and wears the uniform. commodores of the second class have no captain or pennant-lieutenant. a commodore rates with brigadier-generals, according to dates of commission (being of full colonel`s rank). he is next in command to a rear-admiral, but cannot hoist his broad pennant in the presence of an admiral, or superior captain, without permission. the broad pennant is a swallow-tailed tapered burgee. the second-class commodore is to hoist his broad pennant, white at the fore. it

    3. [1] a royal navy one-star flag rank created in 1999. [2] the commander of a convoy of merchantmen. [3] the senior captain of a line of merchant vessels. [4] the president or head of a yacht squadron or boat club. [5] formerly, an rn or usn officer appointed to assume operational command of a group of specifically designated warships (today, this appointment would be termed officer in tactical command). during the 17th century anglo-dutch wars, wanting to create additional squadron commanders without having to pay admirals salaries, the dutch navy introduced the position of komondeur which was a title rather than a rank. in 1689 the dutch stadholder, prince william of orange, became king william iii of the united kingdom, and a year later gave the title to the senior captains of detached squadrons, and the commanders of shore establishments where no flag officer was present. as in the dutch prototype, these were only temporary appointments, and incumbents retained their seniority on the captains list. in 1747, although commodores were still neither permanent nor a rank, captains serving as such were given the status of brigadier general in the first official british list of army-navy equivalents. during the napoleonic warswhen admirals were appointed strictly on seniority the office of commodore allowed commanders- in-chief to reach far down into the captains list, to give young and energetic officers the chance to prove themselves in command of squadrons, or even small fleets. in 1805, rn commodores were divided into first class, who were virtually junior admirals and entitled to flag captains, and those of the second class who captained their own ships as well as commanding a squadron. both remained temporary appointments until 1996, when the second class was abandoned and the first was made substantive with one-star rank. the ups-and-downs of commodores in the u.s. navy from temporary appointment to permanent rank are outlined above under admirals and below under commodore admiral. the title has now reverted to its original 18th century usage as the courtesy title of a senior captain commanding a squadron.


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