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Глоссарии и словари бюро переводов Фларус

Поиск в глоссариях:  

Cleavage crack

Англо-русский глоссарий по сварке металлов


    Трещина - скол, русский
      Трещина - скол (дефект свар- ного шва)




    Cleavage, английский
    1. In an adhesively bonded joint, a separation in the joint caused by a wedge or other crack-‑opening-‑type action.

    2. The repeated division of cells in an embryo cleavage lines cleavage lines plural

    3. N расщепление class ~ расщепление класса

    4. The splitting of any body having a structure or line of cleavage: as fir cleaves longitudinally, slates horizontally, stones roughly, smoothly, conchoidal, or stratified, &c.

    5. A breakable weak point or fracture, usually caused by weak molecular structure. a cleavage is likely to split if struck in a certain direction, and in uncut diamonds, it is used as a natural site for splitting crystals prior to cutting and polishing.

    6. A break in a diamond which is parallel to the diamonds crystal planes. a cleavage may be caused by internal strain or a sharp blow.

    7. The natural areas of a diamond or gem where weak bonds hold the atoms together. when a stone is cut, the cutter will ‘split’ the stone along these planes/the cleavage lines.

    8. A fragment of a crystalline substance, such as a diamond produced by cleaving.

    9. As used by crystallographers, the tendency for crystalline substances, such as diamonds, to split along planes that are always parallel to at least one of the possible crystal faces peculiar to the crystal structure of a specific mineral or substance.

    10. As used by petrographers, the tendency for rocks to split along definite, parallel, closely spaced planes, which may be highly inclined to the bedding planes.

    11. Property or tendency of a rock to split easily along aligned, usually closely-spaced

    12. The mitotic divisions of the early embryo that occur in the absence of growth to divide the embryo into too many smaller nucleated cells.

    13. The splitting (fracture) of a crystal on a crystallographic plane of low index.


    Cleavage banding, английский

    Cleavage fracture, английский
    1. Разрушение по плоскости спайности; разрушение сколом

    2. A fracture, usually of a polycrystalline metal, in which most of the grains have failed by cleavage, resulting in bright reflecting facets. it is one type of crystalline fracture. contrast with shear fracture.


    Cleavage of lateral epitaxial films for transfer (cleft), английский
    1. A process for making inexpensive gallium arsenide (gaas) photovoltaic cells in which a thin film of gaas is grown atop a thick, single-crystal gaas (or other suitable material) substrate and then is cleaved from the substrate and incorporated into a cell, allowing the substrate to be reused to grow more thin-film gaas.

    2. A process for making


    Cleavage plane, английский
    1. In a crystalline material, such as certain types of rocks, a plane along which splitting takes place most easily.

    2. The crystallographic plane, which can be likened to the grain in wood, along which a crys¬talline substance such as diamond may be split easily. see cleavage 2.


    Cleavage test, английский
      A test that measures the resistance of a timber to splitting longitudinally along the radial and tangential planes


    Cleavage, 4., английский

    Cleavages, английский
      As used by the diamond-cutting and diamond-besetting industries, the more or less flat diamond fragments produced by splitting a crystalline diamond along the octahedral plane. such fragments are used primarily as a material from which special-shaped, diamond-pointed cutting tools are produced.


    Crack, английский
    1. Fissure

    2. Трещина

    3. A building defect consisting of complete or incomplete separation within a single element or between contiguous elements of constructions. crack-control reinforcement steel reinforcement in concrete construction to prevent cracks or to limit them to small, uniformly distributed ones.

    4. A thin break  there’s a crack in one of the bones in the skull.  verb to make a thin break in something, or become split  she cracked a bone in her leg.  cracked lip a lip where the skin has split because of cold or dryness

    5. “in a crack,” immediately.

    6. First-class or excellent (e.g., a crack ship is uncommonly smart in evolutions or discipline).

    7. Трещина о ~s caused by creep трещинообразование от ползучести; ~s

    8. Visible breakage of the powder coating, usually caused by insufficient cross-linking

    9. A snare drum sound in which the sharp attack of the stick on the head of the snare has been boosted for emphasis at around 5 to 10 khz.

    10. A defect in a woven fabric consisting of an open fillingwise streak extending partly or entirely across the fabric.

    11. A small, partial or incomplete defect.

    12. A discontinuity that has a relatively large cross-section in one direction and a small or negligible crosssection when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the first.

    13. (1) break, fissure, or rupture, sometimes v shaped and relatively narrow and deep. discontinuity that has a relatively large cross section in one direction and a small or negligible cross section when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the first. (2) propagating discontinuity caused by applied stresses such as mechanical flexing (fatigue crack). difficult to detect unaided because of fineness of line and pattern (may have a radial or latticed appearance). crack, fatigue: progressive crack that usually is initiated at a free surface such as a fastener hole and is caused by the repeated mechanical loading and unloading of the object.

    14. (1) разрыв, трещина или разрыв, иногда v-образной формы, относительно узкий и глубокий. разрыв, который имеет относительно большое поперечное сечение в одном направлении и маленькое или незначительное поперечное сечение, если смотреть в направлении, перпендикулярном первому. (2) распространяющаяся несплошность, вызванная приложенными напряжениями, например, механическим изгибом (усталостная трещина). трудно обнаружить без посторонней помощи из-за тонкости линий и рисунка (может иметь радиальный или решетчатый вид). трещина, усталость: прогрессирующая трещина, которая обычно возникает на свободной поверхности.

    15. Stress induced break, fissure or rupture, sometimes v shaped in cross section and relatively narrow. by convention, a crack is called linear if it is at least three times longer than it is wide.

    16. Propagating discontinuity caused by fatigue, corrosion or stresses such as heat treating or grinding. may be difficult to detect unaided because of fineness of line and pattern (may have a radial or latticed appearance).

    17. (1) stress induced break, fissure or rupture, sometimes v shaped in cross section and relatively narrow. by convention, a crack is called linear if it is at least three times longer than it is wide. (2) propagating discontinuity caused by fatigue, corrosion or stresses such as heat treating or grinding. may be difficult to detect unaided because of fineness of line and pattern (may have a radial or latticed appearance). compare fracture. crack, cold: (1) discontinuity that forms near room temperature while a casting cools due to stresses caused during nonuniform cooling. (2) discontinuity that may form in a weld either as it cools or later, if stress, hydrogen contamination and microstructural conditions allow. crack, crater: multisegment crack in a weld crater. segments radiate from a common point, often called star cracks. crack, fatigue: see fatigue. crack, forging: stress induced discontinuity formed during mechanical shaping of metal; see crack; discontinuity, primary processing. crack, grinding: shallow discontinuity formed in the surface of relatively hard materials because of excessive grinding heat or the brittleness of the material. grinding cracks typically are oriented perpendicular (90 degree rotation) to the direction of the grinding wheel. see also grinding burn. crack, hot: (1) discontinuity formed in a weldment caused by the segregation at grain boundaries of low melting constituents in the weld puddle. (2) postsolidification casting discontinuity caused by internal stresses.

    18. (1) a break, fissure or rupture, usually v shaped and relatively narrow and deep. a discontinuity that has a relatively large cross section in one direction and a small or negligible cross section when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the first.1 (2) propagating discontinuities caused by stresses such as heat treating or grinding. difficult to detect unaided because of fineness of line and pattern (may have a radial or latticed appearance).1

    19. (1) stress induced break, fissure, or rupture, sometimes v shaped in cross section and relatively narrow. by convention, a crack is called linear if it is at least three times longer than it is wide. (2) propagating discontinuity caused by corrosion, fatigue, grinding, stress (mechanical or thermal), welding, or working. may be difficult to detect unaided because of fineness of line and pattern (may have a radial or latticed appearance). compare fracture. crack, cold: (1) discontinuity that forms near room temperature while a casting cools due to stresses caused during nonuniform cooling. (2) discontinuity that may form in a weld either as it cools or later, if stress, hydrogen contamination, and microstructural conditions allow. compare crack, hot. crack, crater: multiple-segment crack in a weld crater. segments radiate from a common point, often called star cracks. crack, fatigue: see fatigue crack propagation. crack, forging: stress induced discontinuity formed during mechanical shaping of metal. see also burst; crack; discontinuity, primary processing. crack, grinding: clustered shallow surface cracks formed in relatively hard materials because of excessive grinding heat, thermal cycling, or the brittleness of the material. grinding cracks typically are oriented perpendicular (90 degree rotation) to the direction of the grinding wheel. see also grinding burn. crack, hot: (1) discontinuity formed in a weldment caused by the segregation at grain boundaries of low melting constituents in the weld puddle. (2) postsolidification casting discontinuity caused by internal stresses. compare crack, cold; hot tear. crack, quenching: rupture produced during quenching of hot metal because of more rapid cooling and contraction of one portion of test object than occurs in adjacent portions.

    20. Break, fissure or rupture, sometimes v shaped in cross section and relatively narrow. by convention, a discontinuity is called a crack if it is at least three times longer than it is wide. (2) propagating discontinuity caused by fatigue, corrosion or stresses such as heat treating or grinding. may be difficult to detect unaided because of fineness of line and pattern (may have a radial or latticed appearance).5,6 curie point (tc): temperature at which a phase transformation causes ferromagnetic materials to lose their magnetic properties. ? ? = 1 g r = 1 378 magnetic testing

    21. (1) break, fissure or rupture, sometimes v shaped in cross section and relatively narrow. by convention, a discontinuity is called a crack if it is at least three times longer than it is wide. (2) propagating discontinuity caused by fatigue, corrosion or stresses such as heat treating or grinding. may be difficult to detect unaided because of fineness of line and pattern (may have a radial or latticed appearance).10 crack, cold: crack that occurs after solidification, because of high stresses from nonuniform cooling.10 crack, cooling: crack resulting from uneven cooling after heating or hot rolling. cooling cracks are usually deep and lie in a longitudinal direction but are usually not straight.10 crack, fatigue: progressive growth of a crack that usually develops on the surface and is caused by the repeated loading and unloading of the object.10 crack, forging: crack developed by forging at too low a temperature, resulting in rupturing of the material.10 also called burst. crack, hot: crack that develops before the material has completely cooled, as contrasted with cold cracks that develop after solidification.10 crack, quenching: during quenching of hot metal, rupture produced by more rapid cooling and contraction of one portion of a test object than occur in adjacent portions.10


    Crack, английский

    Crack, английский

    Crack, английский

    Crack, немецкий

    Crack -, английский
      Трещинообразование; раскрытие трещин


    Crack 47, английский

    Crack climbing, английский
      To ascend on a rock face by wedging body parts into cracks, i.e. not face climbing. see jamming and chimney.


    Crack cocaine, английский
      Crack, cocaína en base, basuco


    Crack contaminant, английский
      Material which fills a crack and which may prevent penetrants from entering.


    Crack detection by holography, английский

    Crack dressing out, английский

    Трещина - скол, русский
      Трещина - скол (дефект свар- ного шва)


    Трехфазный сварочный агрегат, русский
      Трехфазный сварочный агрегат