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Поиск в глоссариях:  

Gal., gall



    Галлон, русский
    1. (англ . gallon), единица объема (емкости, вместимости) в системе английских мер. в великобритании 1 галлон = 4,54609 дм3, в сша для жидкостей 1 галлон = 3,78543 дм3, для сыпучих тел 1 галлон = 4,405 дм3. дольные единицы галлона - пинта и унция.

    2. 4,55 л




    Gall, английский
    1. Same as bile

    2. See wind-gall.

    3. To chafe or wear (e.g., a hawser, anchor cable, bearing, etc.).


    Gall bladder, английский
    1. Vesícula biliar

    2. Желчный пузырь

    3. A sac situated underneath the liver, in which bile produced by the liver is stored. see illustration at digestive system in supplement comment: bile is stored in the gall bladder until required by the stomach. if fatty food is present in the stomach, bile moves from the gall bladder along the bile duct to the stomach. since the liver also secretes bile directly into the duodenum, the gall bladder is not an essential organ and can be removed by surgery. gallie’s operation gallie’s operation / &liz ?p?re??(?)n/


    Gallīna, латинский

    Galla, шведский

    Gallais, английский

    Gallan whale, английский
      The largest whale which visits the hebrides.


    Gallant, английский

    Gallantry, английский

    Gallants, английский
      All flags borne on the mizen-mast were so designated.


    Gallavardin, английский

    Gallblåsa, шведский

    Gallbladder, английский

    Galle, английский
      Г. галле (шриланка)


    Galleass, английский
    1. 1. an oared warship of the 1500s equipped with a gundeck, larger and equipped with more sails than a galley.

    2. A large vessel, driven by lateen sails on three masts and thirty to forty oars. equipped with a pointed ram at the bow and cannon on raised fighting platforms at bow and stern. an unsatisfactory compromise between rowing galley and sailing galleon.


    Galled, английский
      The result of friction, to prevent which it is usual to cover, with skins, mats, or canvas, the places most exposed to it. ( see service.)


    Galleggiare, итальянский

    Galleon, английский
    1. A large, multi-decked sailing ship used primarily by european states from the 16th to 18th centuries.

    2. A large armed merchantman with two or three decks, square-rigged on fore and mainmasts, lateen- sailed on the mizzen, plus a large square-sail on the bowsprit. spanish galleons were heavily armed with (mostly) close-range anti-personnel weapons; english ones carried fewer but longer-range cannon.


    Galleon, or galion, английский
      A name formerly given to ships of war furnished with three or four batteries of cannon. it is now retained only by the spaniards, and applied to the largest size of their merchant ships employed in west india and vera cruz voyages. the portuguese also have ships trading to india and the brazils nearly resembling the galleons, and called caragues. (see carack.)


    Galleot, or galliot, английский
      A small galley designed only for chase, generally carrying but one mast, with sixteen or twenty oars. all the seamen on board act as soldiers, and each has a musket by him ready for use on quitting his oar. also, a dutch or flemish vessel for cargoes, with very rounded ribs and flattish bottom, with a mizen-mast stept far aft, carrying a square-mainsail and main-topsail, a fore-stay to the main-mast (there being no fore-mast), with fore-staysail and jibs. some also call the bomb-ketches galliots. (see scampavia.)


    Galler, шведский

    Gallon, английский
      Галлон


    General average, английский
    1. Average means loss, hence general average means general loss in a maritime sense. if an event occurs which endangers the whole voyage, then all loss which arises in consequence of extraordinary sacrifices made or incurred for the preservation of the ship and cargo come within the ambit of general average, and the master or owners may declare general average. such events may include stranding, fire, loss of propellor, etc. specialized ga adjusters then assess the potential damages and proportion costs against all parties to the voyage, including the ship owners, cargo owners, etc. all normal marine insurance policies include cover against ga. the yorke-antwerp rules are an agreed international protocol for dealing with this event.

    2. A claim made upon the owners of a ship and her cargo, when the property of one or more has been sacrificed for the good of the whole.

    3. An ancient principle of maritime equity which holds that when a peril threatening a ship’s survival has been averted by jettisoning cargo, supplies, or furniture, the voluntary sacrifice has been for the good of all and must be shared pro rata by all parties concerned (shipowners, cargo owners, and owners of freight revenue). the principle was established at least as early as the laws of rhodes (ca. 916 bce).